The Victorian period was a time of epic romances, tragedies and unprecedented prosperity. The Romantic Period 1837-1860 began with Queen Victorias ascension to the throne. In 1840, Victoria married Prince Albert and their love and complete devotion became the impetus for the Romantic era. In 1861, the Romantic Period abruptly came to an end with the death of Queen Victoria's beloved husband, Albert, this caused her more loyal subjects into deep mourning for 27 years.
With the increased availability of gold around 1849 came a resurgence of ancient gold-working techniques and designs. Discoveries of ancient civilizations and tombs ushered in a revival of Etruscan, Egyptian, Classical, Architectural and Renaissance styles. English families often travelled to Europe for The Grand Tour and while visiting famous landmarks, they purchased mementos and souvenirs of their trip, this period of time is known as The Grand.
The third important catalyst of this time developed when Victoria was crowned Empress of India 1876, thereby encouraging trade between the two continents. The late Victorian Period, known as the Aesthetic Period or Movement 18801901 was a direct response to the over indulgent fashions and to the stuffy formality and strict protocol of the Grand Period. During the Aesthetic Period a sense of fun and light heartedness returned to jewellery.